Are you having tooth pain? There is a lot that could be the cause of it, from sensitive teeth to tooth decay. Read up on what could be your cause for tooth ache and find out how to get yourself out of that pain. But likely the answer is to go see your dental professional. 

This article covers:

  • Damaged teeth and tooth decay
  • Cavities
  • Gum Disease
  • Bruxism
  • TMJ
  • Sinus infection

Damaged Teeth and Tooth Decay

You may be experiencing pain because of a cracked or broken tooth. Or it may be tooth decay you’re experiencing. Tooth decay is the most common cause for toothache. It occurs when acids from plaque bacteria penetrate into the tooth enamel. This causes a loss of tooth material which can progress into pain originating from the inner layer of the tooth, the pulp. 

Cures for Tooth Decay

If you have damaged teeth, visit your dentist immediately. A broken tooth can lead to tooth decay. If you suspect tooth decay, you will also need to see you dentist as soon as possible for care. 


Usually cavities come right after tooth decay. As the decay progresses, a cavity is formed. A cavity is a hole that forms in the tooth. There are three types of cavities: smooth surface, pit and fissure, and root. 

Cures for Cavities

Your dentist will be able to identify the type of cavity you have. If the cavity is new, you will get a simple fluoride treatment which restores the tooth’s enamel. When decay has progressed beyond the early stages, available treatments are fillings, crowns, root canal, or tooth extraction, depending on the extent of the decay.

 dentist looking into the camera
You likely need to visit your dentist for treatment of toothache.

Gum Disease

Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissue surrounding the base of the teeth. The cause is usually poor brushing and flossing that allow plaque to build up and harden on the teeth. In advanced stages, gum disease can have symptoms of bleeding gums, pain while chewing, and possibly even tooth loss.  

Cures for Gum Disease

A visit to the dentist will have you figure how how to cure your gum disease,. It will require a change in brushing and flossing routine. Your dental professional may also suggest quitting smoking to help treatment.


One cause for tooth pain is bruxism. Bruxism may be an unknown term to you, but what it is is actually familiar as well as common. Bruxism is the technical term for grinding teeth. Millions of Americans suffer aching teeth due to Bruxism. Reasons for excessive grinding of your teeth can include misaligned teeth, poor jaw alignment, or of course, stress. Chronic teeth grinding, if left untreated, can lead to damaged crowns and fillings. It can also wear away tooth enamel which makes you more prone to tooth decay or infection.

Cures for Bruxism

If you think this is the cause for your pain, see your dentist immediately. If your bruxism is caused by crooked teeth, you can solve the problem by straightening your bite with orthodontia.  If the cause is stress, you may need to turn to stress management techniques to relieve the ache. You may be recommended a mouth guard to wear at night to protect any further ache caused by bruxism. 

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Dysfunction

TMJ is caused by severe stress that makes you clench your jaw and grind your teeth. This can develop into tooth pain from the temporomandibular joint, which is the joint that hinges the lower jaw to the skull. The temporomandibular joint is what allows you to eat and talk. The muscle on the jaw is put under extra stress when you grind your teeth or clench your jaw, which then leads to tooth pain. 

Cure TMJ Dysfunction

Visit your dental professional. For not too serious cases, you will receive warm compresses on the jaw, and told to eat soft foods and find ways to reduce stress. For serious cases, you may require a dental splint to reposition the lower jaw. 

Woman biting a pencil in frustration as she looks at her computer screen
If you tend to grind your teeth when you stress, that may be the cause for your tooth pain. 

Sinus Infection

When bacteria from the nose enters the sinuses, a sinus infection can occur. It creates pressure and pain in the mouth and causes a sinus toothache. Specifically, the pain comes from the pressure and pain built in the maxillary sinuses which are found behind the cheek bones. Fluid builds up in the sinus cavities, putting pressure on the upper teeth.

Cures for Sinus Infections

You will need to see a doctor to cure a sinus infection. You may be prescribed antibiotics or antihistamines. 

In the end, the best way to cure a toothache is a visit to the dentist and sticking to a habit of oral hygiene. The sooner you go, the less extensive the treatment will be. If after reading this you’re still not sure what the cause of your toothache is, schedule a visit to your dental professional to find out, in case it is serious.